Writing a proper introduction for an essay

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Reference list vs. Essay introduction The introduction to an essay has three primary objectives: Explain the context of the essay Give the answer : the response to the question or the overall focus of the essay the thesis statement Describe the structure and organisation of the essay These aims can be given more or less emphasis depending on the length and type of essay. Context Essays are usually written for an intelligent but uninformed audience, so begin with some context: the background of the topic, the topic scope, and any essential definitions.

5 Tips for Strong Introduction for Essay | Edusson Blog

Introductions often begin with a broad opening statement that establishes the subject matter and background. To establish the scope, answer basic questions: Who? Is the essay limited to a particular time period, a particular group of people, a particular country? Definitions are often established after the introduction, so only include them here if they are absolutely essential. It begins with a broad statement and gradually narrows down until it directly addresses the question: This order of introduction elements is not set in stone, however.

Structure Strong introductions tell the reader how the upcoming body paragraphs will be organised.


  1. The purpose of the introduction.
  2. features in writing an essay.
  3. What this handout is about.
  4. essay biography about myself.

Are the paragraphs grouped by broader themes thematic? Does the essay answer several related questions one after the other sequential?

In order for the first paragraph of an essay to actually be a proper introduction in other words, for it to fulfil the requirements of a proper introduction , it must do two things. Answer the essay question i.

List the topics you will discuss i. A thesis statement is the sentence or sometimes sentences that tells the reader what the position of the author is. When you are given an essay question, the thesis statement is your clear and concise answer to the question.

Write an introduction that interests the reader and effectively outlines your arguments.

An introduction must also introduce all the main points that the essay will discuss. Argumentative essays must provide evidence to support the thesis statement. This means you have to provide proof to back up your answer to the essay question. So, if your essay is on the causes of the Holocaust, and your essay is going to discuss six main causes two paragraphs on each , then your introduction must list or introduce each of these six main causes. An essay map or preview is just a list of topics that your essay will discuss.

Usually, this list is linked to your thesis statement, or comes straight after it. Essays at university need to respond to the question by developing an argument which is based on evidence and critical reasoning. They must have certain key elements including;. Essays are used as assessment at University to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of a topic.

How to Write an Essay Introduction: Tips and Tricks

They are also useful tools to promote thinking and learning. You are required to develop an argument and apply critical thinking skills to analyse a range of academic sources in support of your argument.

How to Write an Effective Essay: The Introduction

Before you start, it is important to understand what type of essay you are required to write. The language of the question, especially the directive task words, will indicate the type of essay and suggest an appropriate structure to follow in your essay.

For Longer Papers

Often, assignments have more than one part. The most logical way to approach a multi-part assignment is to address each part of the task in the order that it is stated on the assignment task sheet. The first sentence of each section of the assignment should be a direct response to each part of the task.

This is perhaps the most common structure. Examples of this include questions which ask you to discuss, analyse, investigate, explore or review. In an analytical structure you are required to break the topic into its different components and discuss these in separate paragraphs or sections, demonstrating balance where possible. Examples of this type of essay include questions which ask you to take a position on a topic, such as a particular decision or policy, and present arguments which support your position.

Introductions and Conclusions

An effective way to argue a point can be to present the opposing view first then counter this view with stronger evidence. Based on this data, you may be asked to do a range of things such as provide recommendations or solutions, develop a nursing care plan, a teaching plan, suggest legal advice or plan a marketing strategy.

Examples of this type of essay include compare, compare and contrast or differentiate questions. Your assignment task may require you to make a recommendation about the suitability of the items you are comparing.